Croton Distributing Reservoir on East 42nd and Fifth Avenue, 1890

Croton Distributing Reservoir on East 42nd and Fifth Avenue, 1890
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The original Croton Distributing Reservoir, or Murray Hill Reservoir, was a 4 acre man-made lake on East 42nd Street and Fifth Avenue, the present site of the Main Branch of the New York Public Library.  The reservoir held 20 million gallons of water, whose source was the Croton River in Westchester County.  The surrounding walls were 25 feet thick and 50 feet high, and city residents could enjoy great views from atop their promenades.  This structure was torn down during the 1890s.  In this photo, in addition to the reservoir, you can see people strolling as well as several horse-drawn vehicles, including a streetcar labeled, "Long Island R.R. Ferries."

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